A 15-year-old girl allegedly tried to buy alcohol using a passport that was not hers as identification.
The alleged incident happened in a Glasgow city centre premises on Tuesday night.
She has been charged under security laws and is now expected to go before a Children's Panel.
And police have revealed more than 20 people have been charged under the Identity Documents Act 2010 in the city centre in the past year.
Police have reported people for a variety of offences, but the majority are linked to people using fake ID or documents belonging to someone else.
Nightclub and pub stewards and bar staff are encouraged to check the identification of anyone who looks under 25 and report any fake documents to police.
Chief Inspector Alan Porte said anyone caught breaking the law would be reported to the procurator fiscal.
He said: "Most people do not realise that using fake identification is a crime - but it is a serious offence.
"In the past year, 22 people have been charged with offences under the Identity Documents Act 2010 in Glasgow city centre.
"Officers in the city centre mainly use the legislation to tackle underage drinking in pubs and clubs, as well as street drinking."
The Identity Documents Act 2010 states it is an offence to be in "possession of false identity documents with improper intention".
Passports, driving licences and immigration files are all covered by the Act, which states being in possession of false identity documents "without a reasonable excuse" is also an offence.
Mr Porte, area commander for Glasgow city centre, added: "People may not realise this is a specific offence, but they do know it is wrong.
"It is vitally important alcohol is kept out of the hands of children and police will continue to do everything we can to make that possible and keep people safe.
"Police will always report those we find breaking the law to the procurator fiscal."
It comes as officers promised to test every licensed premises in Glasgow during a city-wide operation.
Detectives are sending undercover youngsters into almost 2000 pubs, clubs, corner shops and supermarkets, as part of a "test purchasing" scheme.
It is part of a major crackdown, which is codenamed Operation Relay, that is aimed at violent criminals, gangs and serious and organised crime groups.
Officers in the Greater Glasgow division have been taking part in weeks of intense action in an attempt to reduce crime at every level.
Senior officers believe targeting "low-level" offending, such as street drinking, anti-social behaviour and disorder, can reduce the number of violent incidents.
Test purchase operations, the scheme under which underage teenagers see if they can buy booze, are part of that.
Operation Relay, which the Evening Times has exclusive access to, runs until May 31.