It will pass through all 71 nations and territories of the Commonwealth during its 248-day journey, including India, Singapore, St Lucia and Canada.
The Queen will help set it on its way at the public launch ceremony at Buckingham Palace on Wednesday.
She will place her message to the athletes inside the specially-designed baton. The message will not be read until the opening ceremony next July.
The ceremony will be attended by two of Scotland's greatest Commonwealth and Olympic athletes, Allan Wells and Sir Chris Hoy.
Sprint legend Wells, winner of two Commonwealth Golds and the 100m Olympic sprint title at the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games, will be the first athlete to receive the baton from the Queen and start it on its journey.