Pharaoh: King Of Egypt is made up of about 80 items and traces how the rulers lived, reigned and died.
The exhibition, which will be at the Kevingrove Museum from next month, is the largest UK loan of Egyptian artefacts undertaken by the British Museum, and some have never been seen outside London.
Items will include sculpture, jewellery, palace ornamentation, papyrus and funeral objects that tell the story of the kings from 3000BC onwards.
Visitors will be able to see monumental statues, beautifully carved stone reliefs from ancient temples and gold jewellery.
The exhibition will also feature more unusual objects, including the colourful inlays used to decorate a Pharaoh's palace, diplomatic letters to Egypt's allies inscribed on clay tablets, the wooden bow of one of the king's troop commanders and an ancient water clock decorated for a Greek king on the throne of Egypt.
Archie Graham, chairman of Glasgow Life, which runs the city's museums, said: "The treasures represent a fascinating insight into the lives of the Pharaohs."
The event will run from November 3 to February 24. Tickets, £5/£3, available at Kelvingrove. Entry for under-16s is free.
In 1972 1.7million people queued at the British Museum to see an exhibition of some of the treasures of boy king Tutankhamun.