The UKube-1, made at the West of Scotland Science Park, in Maryhill, took two years from concept to completion and is the latest product from Clyde Space.
It will begin its journey to Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan this week. and will then be launched on February 10, aboard a Russian Soyuz-2 rocket.
The UKube-1 is the first satellite to be built in Scotland.
Clyde Space's chief executive Craig Clark said: "The sooner it's launched the better because it will show our capabilities.
"We've been at the mercy of other programmes and that has caused a number of postponements - so roll on February 10.
"UKube-1 will be the first of many nanosatellites produced at Clyde Space and is a fantastic mission for us to demonstrate our capabilities as a spacecraft mission lead."
Once in Earth orbit, UKube-1 will conduct a series of experiments using global positioning system technology to measure space weather.
It will also test how cosmic radiation can be harnessed to improve the security of communication satellites.
On board will be a payload of up to five experiments, with which students in Britain and the public at large can interact.
UKube-1 is the UK Space Agency's first CubeSat mission.
It is relatively small satellite but it will pack in several experiments.
CubeSats are tiny fully-functional satellites with typical mass of 4kg and dimensions of around 100mm x 100mm x 340mm.
Clyde Space said this would be the first of many complete satellites to be built in Scotland.
They are already a market leader in small satellite systems and have just announced record sales.
The city-based firm employs 20 staff and is a leading producer of small satellites and nano-satellites.
The firm specialises in "CubeSat" systems, which piggy back other spacecraft to minimise launch costs and maximise the commercial aspects of space research. Earlier this year, Mr Clark was awarded an MBE for services to innovation and technology.
He added: "Most systems used in satellites are very expensive, but what we provide is far more cost effective.
"What we're doing will enable more missions with more complex objectives and make them more accessible."
First Minister Alex Salmond visited the company before UKube-1 was taken to Kazakhstan.
He said: "By pioneering a cost-effective way of supporting more space research, the Clyde Space team is building on a strong heritage of engineering, ingenuity and innovation."