The meeting drew on lessons from the London 2012 Olympics to outline the challenges and opportunities major events can bring.
The conference at the St Mungo Museum heard from policy makers, academics, trade unions and sports experts who discussed how to address human rights issues within the preparation and delivery of the Commonwealth Games.
They looked at issues including procurement, the rights of workers and the human rights implications for supply chains at a major event.
Shona Robison, Minister for Commonwealth Games and Sport, told delegates the Games should be a positive experience for everyone involved.
She said: "Glasgow 2014 is a diverse and inclusive organisation and aims to engage individuals from all backgrounds, regardless of race, faith, disability or sexual orientation.
"Glasgow 2014 provides what many consider to be a once in a lifetime opportunity to experience and participate in a major international sports event, and there are many ways to get involved, through employment, volunteering and business contacts. The Games should be a positive experience for all - athlete, spectator, worker and volunteer alike."
The conference was sponsored by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, and was jointly hosted by Anti-Slavery International, the Institute for Human Rights and Business and the Scottish Human Rights Commission.
Dr Aidan McQuade, Anti-Slavery International director, said major sporting events can bring with them increased risks of exploitation and trafficking of vulnerable workers.
He said: "However, if government, business and civil society works together in common purpose against slavery then many of these risks can be mitigated."
John Morrison, executive director of the Institute for Human Rights and Business, said the Games would showcase the best of Scotland and provide key opportunities for Scottish businesses.
He said: "Hosting the Games brings greater international scrutiny including the effectiveness of efforts to protect worker rights."
"Business leaders and policymakers must ensure they are aware of the risks and do all they can to prevent exploitation."