Prompted by public demand, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum will showcase 28 works by JD Fergusson, Samuel Peploe, George Leslie Hunter and Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell.
Known as The Colourists, they thrived between 1900 and 1930 and were highly influenced by French art.
Rosemary Watt, research manager at Kelvingrove, believes the people of Glasgow have an affinity with the works.
She said: "We know from all the comments that we've been getting that people wanted to see the Scottish Colourists."
Although popular now, the works of the Colourists were not always appreciated.
Ms Watt added: "At the time some people thought they were quite shocking; they were certainly different.
"Now works like The Lady In Black, by Cadell, are adored by the public; people just love to look at the colour and the vibrancy"
Councillor Archie Graham, chairman of Glasgow Life, said: "This new display of these popular works will bring immense joy to visitors."