The budget of a Scottish Broadcasting Corporation would be minuscule compared to the BBC, according to Anas Sarwar, who said it would mean Scots denied access to top shows and many current BBC radio and web services.
In a debate in Westminster he outlined the spend of the BBC on various categories and claimed it was a "myth" that Scots would see no change in their viewing preferences.
The SNP claim Scotland would afford more home- grown programmes, still have access to the current popular programmes and that it currently got a "poor deal".
Mr Sarwar, Labour MP for Glasgow Central, and the party's Scottish deputy leader, said that was "fantasy" and was not possible on the licence fees of Scots alone.
He said "There are 2.2 million licences in Scotland. If everyone paid the full amount that would be approximately £320m.
"But the real figure is less. By the time you take out collection costs and discounts, such as that for over 75s, the real figure is closer to £300m as opposed to a current UK wide BBC budget for all platforms of around £3.5billion.
"It is simply living in a fantasy world to even suggest that the current range of TV, radio, website and iPlayer content will be available to viewers in an independent Scotland.
"There would be no Strictly Come Dancing, Frozen Planet, Holby City, Match of the Day, Doctor Who, News at 10, Question Time, the list is endless."
The MP said the BBC UK spent £479m on sport; £390m on news; £116m on children's programmes and £336m on factual programmes.
He added: "The Scottish Broadcasting Corporation's budget is at best £300m. This exposes the 'quality gap' of these proposals. But the impact also spreads to the BBC website and the i-player."
He said internet users outside the UK do not now have access to the website output and iPplayer.
Pete Wishart MP, SNP culture and media spokesman, said Scotland's licence payers got a raw deal from the BBC just now.
He said: "Labour's claims are wrong. The BBC raises £325m in revenue from Scottish licence fee payers, but spends only £176million on production and infrastructure costs in Scotland.
"An independent Scotland will be able to use this £149m bonus for additional investment in more progra-mmes and more channels."