Network Rail is carrying out upgrades to a bridge on Prospecthill Road, close to Mount Florida station.
However, the work can only be carried out at night and some residents say they were not told of the disruption, which they say is having a big impact on their sleep.
The work is due to last until July 12.
One resident said: "The noise started on Wednesday at around 11pm and went on all night. There was drilling, sawing and hammering. It has continued since then, at varying levels.
"I understand they have to do the work but what about people who have to go to work in the morning, or those who work shifts?
"Surely there must be an alternative arrangement?
"Also, there was no notification at all given to my block of flats, which is very close by. I am concerned if this is going to go on until July."
A Network Rail spokesman said letters were delivered to residents within 100 metres of the bridge on May 25.
The spokesman addded: "The renovation has to be carried out at night as the railway is a busy line which cannot be taken out of operation during the day. We regret any inconvenience."
As previously reported in the Evening Times, Mount Florida is one of 15 city stations which will benefit from a share of a £1million upgrade fund in time for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
All the stations, which include Queen Street and Central Low Level, will be key hubs for sporting events at a number of city venues.
Improvements include new customer information screens, waiting shelters, seating and lighting.
ScotRail says the work will begin this year and be finished by summer 2014.
The other stations to be upgraded are Argyle Street, Bellgrove, Carntyne, Charing Cross, Duke Street, Exhibition Centre, High Street, Jordanhill, King's Park, Partick, Scotstounhill and Shettleston.