The University of Glasgow is one of seven UK universities sharing £13.3 million from the Engineering and Physical Research Council (EPSRC) and the UK Aerodynamics Centre to form the National Wind Tunnel Facility (NWTF).
University officials will use the money to upgrade the School of Engineering's four existing wind tunnels, introducing a gust facility and "state-of-the-art" diagnostic equipment.
The university said that the upgraded tunnel will help with the development of key technologies in the wind energy sector and with research in areas of aerospace such as rotorcraft.
Professor John Marsh, head of the School of Engineering, said: "We're pleased and proud to be the only Scottish university to be joining the National Wind Tunnel Facility.
"It's a testament to the expertise of our engineering staff, which has recently been augmented by the appointment of two new aerodynamics specialists.
"We offer the only dedicated undergraduate degrees in aeronautical engineering in Scotland and the award will also allow us to further improve these and our postgraduate teaching."
The 2.7m (9ft) by 2.1m (7ft) tunnel is based at the university's Acre Road facility in Glasgow.
The other universities sharing in the funding are Imperial College London, City University London and the universities of Cambridge, Cranfield, Oxford, and Southampton.
David Willetts MP, Minister for Universities and Science, announced the award at an event held at Imperial College London today.
He said: "This new investment will support research that is vital to the UK economy, including developing the next generation of fuel-efficient heavy goods vehicles.
"This will create huge energy savings to businesses as well as bringing environmental benefits. It is pioneering work that will help the UK get ahead in the global race."
The NWTF will support research addressing problems in many sectors but with a primary focus on aerospace research.
The University of Glasgow said that the UK's aerospace industry is the second-largest in the world, employing more than 230,000 people and contributing £24 billion to the economy each year.