It has been reported that the victim is Stephen Anderson, 44, a former RAF search and rescue officer, who had moved to Penang in Malaysia four years ago with his wife Joanna, 37.
He has spent 23 years with the RAF including running the search and rescue team in Lossiemouth in Scotland for three years.Ten of the 298 people on the flight were known to be from the United Kingdom
Mr Salmond confirmed today that one of the victims was from Scotland, as he stressed an international investigation into the incident must take place "quickly and effectively"
He said: "We have learned today that one Scot is known to have died in this appalling atrocity.
"As we prepare to welcome the Commonwealth Games to Scotland, we should note that around a third of the 298 victims came from Commonwealth nations. On behalf of the Scottish Government and the people of Scotland, I extend my condolences to their family, and to the families of all of the victims who have died in this horrific event."
He added: "It is now vitally important that an international investigation into the cause of the crash proceeds swiftly and effectively, and that investigation teams are given full access to the crash site.
"The Scottish Government is in touch with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to ensure that any and all relevant expertise and experience in Scotland will be made available to the investigation now and in the coming weeks."
The news comes as the last two of the 10 UK victims who died aboard flight MH17 have been named in a Malaysia Airlines passenger list as John Allen and Andrew Hoare.
The last two of the 10 UK victims who died aboard flight MH17 have been named in a Malaysia Airlines passenger list as John Allen and Andrew Hoare.
Malaysia Airlines has identified the nationalities of 298 people who were on board the doomed flight which includes 10 people from the UK, one of whom has dual UK and South African citizenship.
There are also 193 victims from the Netherlands, 43 from Malaysia including 15 crew and two infants and another 27 from Australia. The dead also include 12 people from Indonesia including one infant, four people from Germany, four people from Belgium, three from the Philippines plus a Canadian and a New Zealander.
Around 30 officials, the majority from the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, arrived at the crash site yesterday, about 25 miles from the Russian border, and were allowed a cursory inspection while guarded by pro-Russia rebels.
The United Nations Security Council has also approved a statement calling for a ''full, thorough and independent international investigation''.
Prime Minister David Cameron has described the catastrophe as an ''absolutely appalling, shocking, horrific incident'' that ''cannot be allowed to stand''.
A No 10 spokeswoman said: ''While it is too early to be categoric about the cause of the disaster, the growing weight of evidence suggests that MH17 was shot down by a surface-to-air missile and that this was fired from near Torez, in territory controlled by the separatists."
Philip Hammond has warned Vladimir Putin that the "world's eyes are on Russia to make sure she delivers" on her obligations to the victims killed in the Ukraine plane disaster.
The foreign secretary said it is increasingly likely that the cause of the "terrible accident" was a missile fired from separatists in Eastern Ukraine.
Mr Hammond said the UK's priority is now to ensure the victims are treated with dignity and respect as they are recovered from the crash scene.
He said: "We still can't be categoric about the cause of this terrible accident but there's a growing body of evidence which clearly suggests a missile fired from separatists in Eastern Ukraine.
"Our focus now is on securing the site so there is a proper international investigation to identify the cause and the perpetrators and bring them to justice and making sure the victims are dealt with with proper dignity and respect."
Mr Hammond said: "We're not getting enough support from the Russians, we're not seeing Russia using their influence effectively enough to get the separatists, who are in control of the site, to allow the access that we need.
"This has brought the whole international community together.
"This is not about Russia and the West, this is about the whole community demanding that the proper access is made available to this site, the victims are properly recovered and evidence is secured.
"The world's eyes will be on Russia to see if she delivers on her obligations in the next couple of hours."
He added that the Russian ambassador to the UK will be called to the Foreign Office so the Government's views can be made known to him.
Mr Hammond said it was clear the monitors at the crash site had not been given full access by the rebels, and some areas were not possible to get to at all.
Specialists from the UK's Air Accidents Investigation Branch are in Ukraine, joining a broader international effort to investigate the crash.
A police-led victim identification team is leaving for Ukraine early tomorrow and will be available to see the victims as soon as the site is open to them.
The Metropolitan Police earlier said they had offered their assistance.
Mr Hammond said he believed the total number of British victims is 10, but that the Government cannot be "absolutely certain" that more Britons will not be identified during the investigation.
He said the Foreign Office had been in contact with the families of all the known UK victims.
He stressed that the Government's priority is to ensure that the identification of victims and their personal belongings, as well as their recovery from the site, is treated with the respect and dignity it deserves.
"We are demanding that the Russians use their influence to ensure that access is granted. That's the only way we can get to the truth and bring those accountable to justice."