The 19-year-old has been hit with a notice of complaint by the SFA after being cited for "punching a player of the opposing team" and "thereafter kicking him repeatedly on the head and body".
The alleged incident occurred in the 85th minute of the sides' league clash at Firhill, which the hosts won 2-1.
A heavy challenge saw a mass confrontation ensue, during which, according to the report of referee Grant Irvine, Fraser was guilty of excessive misconduct.
He was sent off along with the Pars' Chris Kane, who allegedly retaliated, and Thistle's Dale Keenan. All players will incur an automatic two-match ban which applies for their respective senior sides.
However, compliance officer Vincent Lunny has notified Thistle that Fraser has additionally been charged with breaching rule 201 of the SFA's disciplinary guidelines.
If found guilty, the top-end punishment the former Hamilton kid could possibly face is a one-year ban from football, while a 16-match suspension is also among the heavier sanctions.
An eight-game ban is the mid-range penalty which could be imposed, while he could see his absence stretch to four games if the misdemeanour is deemed at the lower end of the scale.
Fraser will face a disciplinary hearing at Hampden on November 14.
The player arrived at Firhill on a six-month loan deal from Bolton during the summer and has played four times for the Jags.